A few great minds of the Middle-Ages, who prepared the advent
of the "Renaissance"
Alcuin of York (735-804) leading scholar at the court of Carolus Magnus.
(870-950) regarded, for centuries, as the Second Teacher in philosophy after
Gerbert d'Aurillac (c945-1004) introduced
arabic numerals in the West. Became pope Sylvestre II in 999.
Avicenne (980-1037) also named Abu ‘Ali al-Husayn b. ‘Abd Allah Ibn
Sina. Great persian physician.
Abelard (1079-1142) pre-eminent philosopher
and theologian of the XIIth century.
Averroes (1126-1198) also named Abu'l-Walid
Ibn Rushd. A towering figure in the history of Arab-Islamic thought.
Contributed to the rediscovery of Aristotle.
Maimonides (1135-1204) major jewish thinker of the late Middle-Ages.
Thomas Aquinas borrowed ideas from Maimonides.
Albertus Magnus (c1206-1280) called "Doctor
Universalis", in recognition of his extraordinary genius and extensive
knowledge. Advocated for the peaceful coexistence of science and religion.
Roger Bacon (1214-94) surnamed "Doctor Mirabilis". Placed
considerable emphasis on empiricism, and has been presented as one of the
earliest advocates of the modern scientific method.
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) a Dominican friar.
Had views on God.
William of Ockham (c1285-1349) a Franciscan
friar. One of the leading Nominalists. Recommended to minimize hypotheses to
explain new phenomena (Ockham's razor).
(c1320-1382) un génie mathématique du XIVe siècle.
- Luca Pacioli
(c1445-1517) wrote the first manual on double entry accounting.